Traditional Omani Handloom (Manual Weaving)

Posted on 13th March 2017
Traditional Omani Handloom (Manual Weaving)

By: Dr.Marwan Imran

Edited By: Karina De Jesus Murphy


The traditional Omani textile is considered an old and the most important handicraft business by the people of the Sultanate of Oman since the ancient times, and established as part of the traditional cultural infrastructure of Oman up to the present. This weaving is practiced by using traditional woody tools created by handmade across the Wilayat of Oman such as  Nizwa, Suwaiq, and Batinah regions in the East, using some natural yarns such as cotton and Al-Buraisam. ([1]).

One of the oldest handmade fabrics, called AlSadya, was made of cut wood whose threaded part is called, AlRazaz. ([2]). Some references mentioned that the origin of these tools had been created for the first time in the third millennium BC, during the age of ancient Kingdom of Magan. ([3]).

Oman was characterized as one of the largest Arab countries which produces original textiles manually from local materials such as cotton and wool. The people of Oman import cotton, wool, and silk from Eastern countries such as India and China in the event of increase in demand, specifically at the beginning of the nineteenth century A.D.

The most famous textiles made by traditional handmade or handloom are carpets, tents, saddles of horses, and some men’s gowns which are often colored with threads of red , blue, green, brown and black. Most of the Omani tribes up to the present, still rely on manual fabric to cover their special needs for clothing, shelter or tents.

[1] – -Richardson, Neil & Marica Dorr. The Craft Heritage of Oman. Vol.1.Dubai: Motivate publishing .UAE.2003.pp196-200.

[2] – Omani Encyclopedia. Vol.10.Oman: Ministry of Culture and heritage, first edition, 2013 pp.3660-3661.

[3] – Crocker Jones, Gigi. Traditional Spinning and weaving in the Sultanate of Oman. Publisher by : The Historical Association of Oman,1989.p13